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Gaya Teerth Kshetra



Gaya Teerth Kshetra


Gaya Teerth Kshetra, Gaya, Bihar

Gaya, a city in the Indian state of Bihar, holds profound importance in Hinduism as a sacred pilgrimage site associated with ancestral worship and spiritual liberation. The city is renowned for its significance in performing rituals for the salvation of ancestors' souls, known as "Pinda Pradana" or "Pinda Daan." According to Hindu belief, performing rituals at Gaya helps liberate the souls of deceased ancestors, allowing them to attain moksha, or liberation from the cycle of rebirth. The city is particularly associated with the Legend of King Dasharatha, Father of Lord Rama, who performed the "Pinda Daan" rituals here to free the souls of his ancestors. The sacred Phalgu River flows through Gaya, adding to its spiritual ambiance, and numerous temples and shrines dot the city, including the Vishnupad Temple and the Mangla Gauri Temple. At every Amawasya and during the Pitru Paksha period, which is a fortnight dedicated to ancestor worship, thousands of pilgrims flock to Gaya to perform rituals for their departed ancestors. The city's spiritual aura, coupled with its historical and cultural significance, makes it a revered destination for Hindus seeking to honor their ancestors and attain spiritual merit.

Mythological History of Gaya:

Gaya is one of the important pilgrimage places of Bihar. This city is especially famous for Hindu pilgrims. The Vishnupad temple here is popular among tourists. According to the Puranas, this temple was built on the footprints of Lord Vishnu. Gaya: Village Gaya is situated in the state of Bihar in India, which is mostly known for its pilgrimage and tourist places. People from all over the country and abroad come to visit here. This is a very popular place from the point of view of history and antiquity, which is why there would be no person who would not know about the place of Gaya. Moreover, the statue of Mahatma Gautam Buddha is installed here. The birth of Lord Buddha is celebrated with great enthusiasm and at the same time an ancient temple is situated here. Gaya is surrounded by hills on three sides. The Falgu River here is very famous because travelers from India and abroad come here to visit the bodies of their ancestors. Come for a donation. According to Sarnatan Dharma, the human soul attains salvation here and due to the customs of Hindus, this tradition has been going on from generation to generation. Pinda Daan is done here for the peace of the souls of our ancestors.

​According to Garun Purana, a demon named Gaya was born in the Asura clan, but he was not born from an Asura woman, hence he did not have any demonic behavior. In such a situation, Gayasur thought that if he did not do any big work, he would not get respect in his family. Thinking this, he became engrossed in doing rigorous penance for Lord Vishnu. After some time, being pleased with the harsh penance of Gayasur, Shri Hari Lord Vishnu himself appeared to him and being pleased with the harsh penance, asked him to ask for a boon. He asked for a boon from Lord Vishnu that I wish that you indirectly reside on this rock along with all the Gods and Goddesses and this place becomes a place of pilgrimage for religious rituals to be performed after death. Hearing this, Gayasur asked Lord Vishnu to reside physically in his body. So that whoever sees me, all his sins are destroyed, that living being becomes a virtuous soul and he attains heaven. Sri Hari gave him this boon, after this whoever saw him, all his troubles and sorrows would be relieved.

The city of Gaya is a holy place of Hinduism, with a large number of Hindu deities represented in its temples, carvings, paintings, and carvings. Of particular importance are sites associated with Vishnu in the city, notably the Phalgu River and the shrine of the Vishnupada temple, or Vishnupad, marked by a large footprint of the god Vishnu carved in a basalt block. Gaya is the place where Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana performed Pind Daan for his father Dasharatha. Since then Gaya has remained a site of prime importance for the performance of the Pind-Daan ritual.

Gaya is considered to be one of the most ideal places to perform Shraddha. (Shraddha is a Hindu ritual that a person performs to pay homage to his ancestors, especially his deceased parents). According to the Hindu belief system, it is believed that a person goes to hell if he dies under the following circumstances – if he dies accidentally if he dies without being ordained, or if he is killed by a wild animal. Is killed by. But, if the Shraddha of that person is performed in Gaya, then the soul of such a person will be freed from the tortures of hell and will go to heaven.

Importance of Pind Daan in Gaya: Pind Daan has special significance in Gaya Ji, every year thousands and lakhs of people come here to offer Pind Daan to their ancestors. By offering Pind Daan here, a person's soul attains peace and at the same time, his soul attains salvation. According to the scriptures, it is believed that Lord Vishnu himself is present here in the form of water and the special importance of Pind Daan has been mentioned in the book Garun Purana. Pind Daan is performed in many places in the country, but Pind Daan has a different significance in Gaya, Bihar. It is believed that by offering Pind Daan at Gaya Dham, the suffering of 7 generations is relieved. According to the story of Ramcharitra Manas, Lord Ram had performed Pind Daan of his father Dashrath in Gaya, and since then it has become known as a pilgrimage place. According to Hindu belief, during the days of Pitru Paksha, Yamraj frees the souls of the ancestors because, For 15 to 16 days, he could be satisfied by staying among his family members and drinking water and food. The word Shraddha is mostly used in our native language. We know this as Pitru Paksha. At this time, we perform Shraddha and Tarpan to our ancestors with pure feelings. According to Garun Purana, offering Pind Daan after death is an easy way for the soul to attain salvation. According to Valmiki Ramayana, Mother Sita Ji donated the body of her father-in-law Shri Raja Dashrath Ji while sitting on the banks of river Falgu. He took the banyan tree, Ketaki flowers, and cow as witnesses made a ball of sand and offered it to the Phalgu River. That's why this tradition is going on. That's why all Indians and those who follow the Sanartan religion perform Pind.

Mystery of Tarpan Ka in Gaya: Mother Sita had performed tarpan here. By offering Pind Daan in Gaya, the soul attains salvation, hence this place is also called the place of salvation. It is said that Lord Vishnu himself resides in Gaya in the form of Pitrudev. By performing Shraddha rituals and Tarpan rituals in Gaya, nothing is left and the person becomes free from the debt of his ancestors.

More places to visit in Gaya:

Vishnupad Temple: Vishnupad Temple situated on the banks of river Phalguni in Gaya is a famous historical temple all over India. Devotees from all over the country come here for Pind Daan. It is believed that Lord Ram, Mother Sita, and Lakshman had visited this temple, due to which this temple is said to be of Tretayuga. But the present form was built in 1878 AD by the Maratha ruler of Indore, Devi Ahilyabai Holkar. This temple is a popular destination in Gaya dedicated to Lord Vishnu. There is a crowd of devotees in this temple from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm.

went to Sita Kund: Sita Kund is situated on the other bank of the Falgu River in front of the Vishnupad temple in Gaya. It is said that at this place Lord Shri Ram ji had performed Pind Daan of his father King Dashrath ji. Ancient statues of Mother Sita, Lord Ram, and Lakshman ji are also installed at this place. Nagakoot Hill is also situated nearby and the view of Nagakoot Hill from this temple looks very beautiful. The statue of Lord Shiva is also installed in this temple. There are many Prasad shops located around the temple, from where devotees buy Prasad and makeup items and offer them to Mother Sita. There are a lot of devotees visiting this temple every day.

Mangala Gauri Temple: Mangala Gauri Temple is a rich religious heritage located in Gaya. This temple has been mentioned in many Hindu scriptures like Vayu Purana, Markandeya Purana, and Padmapuran, due to which this temple is very famous across the country. Due to its historical importance, this temple is crowded with devotees throughout the year. This temple is crowded with thousands of devotees, especially during Navratri.

Mangala Gauri Temple: This temple is dedicated to Maa Durga, which depicts the Mahishasurmardini incarnation of Maa Durga and is worshiped here in the shape of her breasts, which is a symbol of sustenance. Apart from this, the temple dedicated to Maa Kali, Lord Hanuman Ji, Ganesh Ji, and Lord Shiva is also located on the grounds of Mangala Gauri Temple. Devotees can visit this temple from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm. Dukh Harni Temple One of the main attractions and famous temples in Gaya City is Dukh Harni Temple, which is dedicated to Maa Durga. This temple is located between Gaya and Patna.

Brahmayoni Hill Temple: Brahma Yoni Hill Temple situated on the mountains amidst lush green plants and beautiful nature in Gaya is a popular temple of Gaya, where devotees especially come to take darshan to free their parents from the evil deeds and curses of their parents. This temple is made up of two words Brahma and Yoni. This temple has a natural rock hole, which is considered a symbol of the feminine power of Lord Brahma.

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