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Ramjanmabhoomi, Ayodhya



Ramjanmabhoomi, Ayodhya


Mandir Nirman Karyashala, Ramghat Chauraha, Near Manas Bhawan,Ayodhya

Shri Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya has unique significance in Hinduism as the birthplace of Lord Rama, one of the most revered incarnations of Lord Vishnu. This incarnation of Lord Rama was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This holy place is considered to be the place where Lord Rama incarnated with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman in Treta Yuga. The significance of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi is deeply rooted in the epic Ramayana, where the life and teachings of Lord Rama serve as a symbol of dharma (righteousness), devotion, and moral integrity. The temple complex, which also includes the Ram Janmabhoomi temple, is a symbol of reverence and devotion for millions of Hindus. For centuries, devotees have been making pilgrimages to Ayodhya to offer prayers at the birthplace, seeking blessings for spiritual growth, divine guidance, and strength to maintain dharma in their lives. This temple is a testament to the enduring love and faith of the Hindu community, which culminated in the construction of a grand temple dedicated to Lord Rama.

Mythological History:

Ramjanmabhoomi is the holy place where Lord Vishnu was born as the seventh incarnation of Lord Shri Ram Ji. The sacred text Ramayana states that the birthplace of Rama is on the banks of the Saryu River in the city of Ayodhya. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Rama at the Ram Janmabhoomi. There are around 6,000 temples in the city of Ayodhya however, it is believed that the shrines located in the Ram Janmabhoomi complex of Ramkotham are considered to be the most sacred.

According to religious texts, King Vikramaditya established a grand temple at this place in 100 BC. The temple was first destroyed by Mir Baqi, the commander of Babur, the first Mughal ruler who came to India in the 15th century. The temple was demolished and a mosque was built at this place.

Rama was a historical figure, they date his birth to 1000 BC. However, archaeological excavations at Ayodhya have not revealed any settlement before that date. As a result, several other locations have been suggested as the birthplace of Ram. A group of armed Hindu monks occupied the Babri Masjid site and claimed ownership of the structure. Subsequently, the civil administration stepped in and in 1855 divided the mosque complex into two parts: one for Hindus, and the other for Muslims.

In 1883, Hindus began an effort to build a temple on the platform. When the administration did not allow them to do so, they took the case to court. In 1885, Hindu Sub Judge Pandit Hari Kishan Singh dismissed the case. Subsequently, the higher courts also dismissed the suit in favor of the status quo in 1886. In December 1949, some Hindus placed idols of Ram and Sita in the mosque and claimed that they had miraculously appeared there. As thousands of Hindu devotees started visiting the place, the government declared the mosque a disputed area and closed its gates. Subsequently, several suits were filed on behalf of Hindus, seeking permission to convert the site into a place of worship.

In the 1980s, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and other Hindu nationalist groups and political parties launched a campaign for the construction of a Ram Janmabhoomi temple ("Ram Janmasthan Temple") at the site. In 1985, the Rajiv Gandhi government allowed Hindus access to the site for prayers. On 6 December 1992, Hindu nationalists demolished the mosque, resulting in communal riots that killed more than 2,000 people.

In 2003, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) excavated the site on court orders. The ASI report indicated the presence of a 10th-century North Indian-style temple beneath the mosqueMuslim groups and the historians who support them disputed these findings and dismissed them as politically motivated. However, the Allahabad High Court upheld the ASI's findings. The excavations conducted by the ASI were extensively used by the court as evidence that the preceding structure was a massive Hindu religious building.

In 2009, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) released its election manifesto, reiterating its promise to build a Ram temple at that site.

In 2010, the Allahabad High Court ruled that the 2.77 acres (1.12 ha) disputed land would be divided into 3 parts, with 1 ⁄ 3 given to Ram Lalla or the infant Lord Ram, represented by the Hindu Mahasabha, for the construction of a Ram temple. Will go., 1⁄3 is going to the Muslim Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining 1⁄3 is going to the Hindu religious sect Nirmohi Akhara. All three parties appealed to the Supreme Court against the division of the disputed land.

Final Decision About Ram-Janm Bhumi:

A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court heard the ownership dispute cases from August to October 2019. On 9 November 2019, the Supreme Court ordered the land to be handed over to a trust to build a Hindu temple. It also ordered the government to give alternative 5 acres of land to the Sunni Waqf Board to build the mosque. On 5 February 2020, a trust known as Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra was created by the Government of India.

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