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Baidyanath Dham, Jharkhand



Baidyanath Dham, Jharkhand


Shivganga Muhalla, Deoghar, Jharkhand 814112

Baidyanath Dham, also known as Deoghar, is a really important Dham for Hindus. This special Dham is home to the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve sacred temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. Located in the sacred Indian state of Jharkhand, this Dham is considered very powerful and spiritually important. It is mentioned in the Shastras that Baidyanath Dham is the place where Lord Shiva appeared in the form of divine healer Baidyanath to help his devotees, and it is believed that even today Lord Shiva is present here to cure all the diseases of his devotees. And it is believed that the Jyotirlinga itself appeared here. By offering prayers at Baidyanath Dham, devotees receive the blessings of Lord Shiva, especially good health. Baidyanath Dham is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Therefore, by performing Jalabhishek on Shivling, all the wishes of the devotees are fulfilled and the fear of premature death also ends. During the month of Shravan, Baidyanath Dham becomes extremely crowded with devotees and they bring water from Ganga to offer it on the Jyotirlinga, which we know as Kanwar Yatra.

Mythological History:

Baidyanath Dham of Deoghar is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. The biggest specialty of this Dwadash Jyotirling is that it is the only Shiva temple in the world, where Shiva and Shakti are present together. That is why it is also called Shaktipeeth. It is mentioned in the mythology that the heart of Mata Sati was cut here and hence it is also called Hridaya Peetha.

It is believed that when the devotees of Baba Bhole bring Kanwar to Baba Baijnath temple in Sawan, they get the blessings of both Shiva and Shakti. Therefore the temple of Dwadash Jyotirlinga Baba Baijnath is also called Shaktipeeth. In the month of Sawan, lakhs of devotees reach here to offer water to Lord Bhole Shankar.

The wishes of all the devotees who come here are fulfilled. Devotees coming here get the blessings of both Shiva and Shakti. This is the reason why it is also called Manokamna Linga. Here all the wishes made with true heart and devotion are fulfilled. Devotees say that this is the only temple in the world where Shiva and Shakti are present together. Therefore, when devotees come to Baba Dham, they offer one vessel of water on Shivling and the other on Parvati temple.

It is described in the Vedas that when Lord Shiva was not invited to the Mahayagya of King Daksh, Mother Sati became angry and immersed herself in the fire pit, after which Lord Shiva became angry and carried the dead body of Mother Sati on his shoulder. They started having an orgy. Due to this anger of Shiva, destruction would have come, in such a situation, Sati's body was cut into pieces by the Chakra of Lord Vishnu, wherever any part of the body fell and was called Shaktipeeth. Mother's heart was cut and fell in Devghar Baidyanath Dham, hence it is also called Shaktipeeth.

Shiva and Shakti sitting together: Baba Baidyanath Temple is the only Shiva temple in the world where Shiva and Shakti are present together. This is the reason why it is also called Shakti Peeth and Hridaya Peeth. It is believed that coming to this city brings blessings of both Shiva and Shakti. The priest says that first Shakti was established here and then Shivalinga was established. The Shivalinga of Lord Bhole is situated above Sati. Hence it is also known as the meeting place of Shiva and Shakti.

Ravana also has a unique relationship with Kamna Linga: The history of the establishment of this Linga is that once the demon king Ravana went to the Himalayas and did severe penance for the happiness of Lord Shiva and started cutting his heads and offering them on the Shivalinga. After offering nine heads one by one, the tenth head was about to be cut when Lord Shiva became pleased and appeared. They left his ten heads intact and asked him to ask for a boon. Ravana went to Lanka and asked for permission to take the Linga to install it. Lord Shiva gave permission.

But he gave it with the warning that if he placed it on the ground on the way, it would become immovable there. Ultimately that is what happened. Ravana went with Shivalinga but when he came across a funeral pyre on the way, he felt the need to take a short leave. Ravana handed over that Linga to a person and went to retire for a short while. Here, that person felt the Jyotirlinga to be too heavy and placed it on the ground. What happened next, on his return, Ravana could not uproot it even with all his might, and being disappointed, he stuck his thumb on the idol and went to Lanka. Here gods like Brahma, Vishnu, etc. came and worshiped Shivalinga. As soon as Lord Shiva was seen, all the gods and goddesses replaced the Shivalinga at the same place and went back to heaven while praising Shiva. According to folklore and popular belief, this Vaidyanath-Jyotirlinga is going to give the desired results.

Shravani fair is held in Deoghar in the month of Sawan: According to beliefs, any devotee who carries water on his shoulders and carries water from Sultanganj and performs Jalabhishek on Lord Bholenath's Shivalinga, his every wish is fulfilled, that is why wish is also known as Linga. Every day in the month of Sawan, a crowd of lakhs of devotees collect water from Sultanganj, fill it in Kanwar, cover a distance of 105 kilometers on foot, reach Baidyanath Dham in Deoghar and perform Jalabhishek. In the month of Sawan, the world-famous Shravani Fair is held in Deoghar in the month of Sawan. The fair is one of the longest-lasting religious events in the country.

Panchshul is installed on the top of the temples here: Although a trident is seen installed on the top of all Shiva temples, Panchshul is installed on the top of Shiva, Parvati, Lakshmi-Narayan, and all other temples of Baijnath Dham complex. Here every year, two days before Mahashivratri, Panchshul is removed from the temples of Baba Mandir, Maa Parvati, and Lakshmi-Narayan. He is specially worshiped a day before Mahashivratri and then all the Panchshuls are installed at their places in the temples.During this time the alliance of Bholenath and Mata Parvati temples is removed. A new alliance is made on the day of Mahashivratri.

Timing Of Temple:

Baijnath Dham remains open from Monday to Sunday from 04:00 AM to 03:30 PM, after that the doors of the temple remain open for devotees from 06:00 PM to 09:00 PM. Here, Shodashopachar puja is performed from Monday to Sunday at 04:00 PM, and Shringaar puja is performed with sandalwood paste from 07:30 PM to 08:00 PM.


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